Thursday, June 4, 2020

Cultural Diversity in White Teeth - Literature Essay Samples

The search for identity in Zadie Smith’s White Teeth is one of the threads that Smith continually weaves throughout her novel. At one point or another, each character deals with the inevitable question of â€Å"Who am I?† From Irie’s search for an identity through her family history to Samad’s futile resistance to all things British, it becomes clear that the multiculturalism of modern London is making it increasingly difficult to align one’s self with a singular culture or background. Through the designation of names, nicknames, and other various epithets, Smith allows her characters to explore, choose, or deny their cultural identities in earnest. For somebody like Samad, these â€Å"nicknames† are considered slurs because they essentially insult the importance of his cultural background. But for his son, Magid, his attempts at Anglicizing his given birth name are simply attempts to adapt and blend into the multicultural British scene. Such differences, due to the â€Å"intergenerational adaptation† that Kris Knauer examined in his essay, are examples of why several characters respond in various ways to their names and nicknames. From â€Å"Mark Smith† to KEVIN, names in White Teeth serve to illustrate the difficulty of defining the multicultural British identity.In White Teeth, the characters’ names are constantly altered. The significance of these name changes reflects the fluidity of cultural identities, and how different generations consider the idea of multiculturalism. For the older generation, nicknames and various monikers are perceived as a threat to take away the culture they had brought with them from their homelands. According to Knauer, Smith demonstrates how difficult it was for older generations to accept anything other than their fundamental views of how race and culture are to be socially constructed (177-178). No more is this apparent than in Samad Miah Iqbal. Samad comes from an era in which Bangladesh is still colonially subjected to the British crown; hence, he becomes subjected to the racial and cultural ignorance of his fellow British comrades. In the waning days of World War II, the other men in Samad and Archibald Jones’s tank give Samad the crude nickname of â€Å"Sultan.† This nickname is meant to put Samad in his place among the crew, and serves as a constant reminder that he is still essentially an â€Å"other† in the British army. â€Å"He’ll shut it if he knows what’s good for him, the Indian Sultan bastard,† Roy Mackintosh says to Captain Dickinson-Smith, speaking about Samad as if he were an inherently different species and dumping him into a general ethnic category (Smith 73). Samad takes this incorrect use of culture and throws it back at them, giving them a derogatory nickname of their own. He responds, â€Å"To call me Sultan is about as accurate, in terms of the mileage, you understand, as if I referred to you as a Jerry-Hun fat bastard† (73). In such context, Samad’s interactions with these white British men are setting the stage for how he will handle the concepts of multiculturalism and assimilation when he later immigrates to London.Already having been belittled for being from a different culture, Samad also finds it insulting when Archie tries to show solidarity and friendship by calling him the more British moniker, Sam. By trying to use a friendlier nickname for Samad, Archie wants Samad to know that although he is from a different cultural background, it is still possible for them to be friends under the umbrella of British culture. But Samad has already had enough. â€Å"Don’t call me Sam†¦ I’m not one of your English matey-boys. My name is Samad Miah Iqbal. Not Sam. Not Sammy. And not – God forbid – Samuel. It is Samad,† he growls (94). Samad feels that he cannot be one of Archie’s â€Å"English matey-b oys† because he is so culturally and racially different from their â€Å"Englishness,† a belief that has been ingrained in him because of his earlier nickname, â€Å"Sultan.† Overall, Samad cannot fathom a possibility where Bangladeshi and British identities can come together harmoniously. The nicknames he has had to deal with during his time in the British army give him ample reasons for resisting the idea of multiculturalism. According to Nick Bentley’s essay, â€Å"Re-writing Englishness,† new ways of thinking about ethnicity are made more difficult by the fact that â€Å"old ideas about race and culture are difficult to shift† (499).In contrast, the younger generation in White Teeth seems to have a more eager grasp of becoming British. Whereas their parents â€Å"know more about constructs such as ‘otherness’ and ‘difference,’† (Knauer 180) Archie and Samad’s children are more familiar with concepts such as hybridity and multiculturalism. Knauer explains that Glenard Oak, the secondary school in Willesden Green, â€Å"is a school in which the word ‘difference’ is not a demonized mumbo jumbo that we somehow have to incorporate†¦ to show how liberal and progressive we are, but it is a part of lived experience of the young crowds† (177). For example, such sentiments arise when Samad’s own son, Magid, embarks on a journey to Anglicize himself, starting with his unfamiliar, un-British birth name.A few months earlier, on Magid’s ninth birthday, a group of very nice-looking white boys with meticulous manners had turned up on the doorstep and asked for Mark Smith. â€Å"Mark? No Mark here,† Alsana had said, bending down to their level with a genial smile. â€Å"Only the family Iqbal in here. You have the wrong house.† But before she had finished the sentence, Magid had dashed to the door, ushering his mother out of view. â€Å"Hi, guys.† â€Å"Hi, Mark.† â€Å"Off to the chess club, Mum.† â€Å"Yes, M-M-Mark,† said Alsana, close to tears at this final snub, the replacement of ‘Mum’ for ‘Amma.’ â€Å"Do not be late now.† (Smith 126)As Magid becomes more involved with his British school and white British friends, he feels that in order to fit in properly, he has to publicly shed his given name. At home, Magid still understands and participates in his Bangladeshi background, since his parents were clearly unaware of the British persona that Magid uses to mask himself while at school. It might be that Magid does not want to completely reject his cultural identity, however; it is just that he is searching for another part of it – the British part. Samad himself fails to understand that Magid comes from two worlds, having been born in London to immigrant parents, and therefore cannot be expected to only bind to the Bengali Muslim world that dominate s their household. â€Å"I told you, Magid, I told you the condition upon which you would be allowed. You come with me on hajj. If I am to touch that black stone before I die I will do it with my eldest son by my side,† Samad fiercely declares to his son in an attempt to show Magid what particular culture he must adhere to (127). It is Samad’s own unwillingness to let British culture seep into their Willesden home that leads to Magid searching for the British part of his cultural identity outside the private sphere.In a different vein, nicknames in the novel are also given in disapproval of certain lifestyle choices that disagree with aspects of one’s culture or heritage. Neena, Alsana Begum Iqbal’s niece, is given the unfavorable epithet of â€Å"Niece-of-Shame.† This is in response not specifically to Neena’s embrace of British culture, but to her homosexuality. The nickname â€Å"used to come in longer sentences, e.g., You have brought n othing but shame or My niece, the shameful†¦ but now†¦ it had become abridged to Niece-of-Shame, an all-purpose tag that summed up the general feeling† (53). Rather than being directly designated to Neena, this particular epithet grows out of a gradual process, shrinking down from longer sentences to â€Å"an all-purpose tag.† The tag of being someone who has let down the strict traditions of her culture has been firmly affixed to Neena, even though she can still speak Bengali and manages to spend time with her ethnic family. But Alsana, by giving such a nickname to Neena, is demonstrating a disapproval of Neena’s liberal views and homosexuality that can only be possible in a country like Britain. Continuing the theory of intergenerational adaptation, as Samad’s wife, she is also part of the older generation, for Alsana â€Å"really was very traditional, very religious, lacking nothing except the faith† (53).Speaking in even broader perspe ctives, particular names also give significant meaning to various institutions and movements that attempt to define some facet of multicultural Britain. Samad’s other son, Millat, whose British upbringing is due to a complete immersion in pop culture rather than education like his twin brother, finds himself at a crossroads in the middle of the novel. His love for American gangster movies instills in him a desire to construct his own identity as a Western icon, something he cannot develop at home because of Samad’s resistance to British culture. Millat is searching to expand his persona as the leader of the Raggastanis, fellow weed-smoker of the black kids, hero and spokesman for the Asians (224-225). Enter the Keepers of the Eternal and Victorious Islamic Nation. The initial appeal of this youthful organization to Millat begins with his old mate Hifan as â€Å"the don. Look at the suit†¦ gangster stylee!† (245). The members of this group believe they are f ighting for fundamentalist Islam against the tyranny of British imperialism, but who can ignore the fact that their acronym, KEVIN, spells out a common Western boy name? Even their uniform, the gangster-style suits that Millat admire, can be considered distinctly Western. In essence, KEVIN serves as an outlet for the conflicted individuals of Millat’s generation. Having largely ignored his Muslim heritage throughout his whole life in favor of Al Pacino and The Godfather, Millat is trying to compensate for his Westernization by taking part in an extremist Muslim brotherhood. KEVIN’s acronym problem, in fact, reminds readers that prominent members such as Millat are still English born and bred.Undoubtedly like many older generation immigrants like him, Samad is completely unable to grasp the concept of intergenerational adaptation because he fails to see his children as culturally different from him. He cries out, â€Å"Don’t speak to me of second generation! One generation! Indivisible! Eternal!† (241). It worries him that his children either will become completely British or not Bangladeshi at all. But times are changing. Smith regards the evolving tales – and indeed, names – of the Iqbal family as an example of how â€Å"old categories of race are an inaccurate way of describing the ethnic diversity of contemporary England† (Bentley 496). Even Millat Iqbal’s own middle name is a play on different cultures set on a crash collision course. Millat â€Å"lived for the in between, he lived up to his middle name, Zulfikar, the clashing of two swords† (Smith 291).

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Othello, The Shakespearean Tragedy Of Great Eclat

Othello, the Shakespearean tragedy of great à ©clat, the work that has captured the recognition of many spectators, readers, and observers. Fascinated by the popular analysis, and multiplex of themes, ranging from jealousy and love, or perhaps honor and betrayal, Othello has become intrinsic to the way one lucubrates the literary and theatrical arts, and has become indispensible in understanding Shakespearean literature. However, taking the analysis further than the ostentatious front put on by Shakespeare, one can distinguish a more malignant warrant to Othello s attractiveness to the reader, and the actions and courses he takes throughout the piece, as well as multiple developments and symbolic moments, that are deeply entrenched ideological stances of patriarchal oppressiveness, and misogyny. It is with this excogitation of the text, and the performance that one can access the truth-value of Shakespeare’s thoughts on the nature of human relationships that are revealed in O thello. The understanding of Shakespeare’s ideology and take on the nature of human relationships is found in multiple instances within developments of each act within Othello: First, the use of what Freud calls the Madonna-Whore complex within the developments of each act; Next, The use of the female characters and the way they are developed in each act to meet the ideological expectations of Shakespeare’s Elizabethan norms and to the patriarchal Venetian society that Shakespeare develops, and finally;

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why You Are Looking For Your Writing Style - 769 Words

Organize Your Content So You Can Outsource Your Writing.... The best way to outsource content is to organize your topics and ideas. Doing so will allow the writer to have a better idea of your writing style. Make sure to outline the topic of your article, so the writer can write content around your topic. Know What You Are Looking For In order to effectively outsource your writing, you must have an idea of what you are looking for. This means think about the categories you want to include in your website. Also think about potential topics. Here are some tips to help you get started: Find some products that you are interested in selling Come up with a few categories to put your articles under Find keywords that are relevant to your niche Think of several potential article titles for you writer to work with Websites That Are Great For Outsourcing Work Finding a reliable website is important in finding freelancers to outsource your work to. This method is a more affordable way to outsource your work. You can also find many skilled freelancers that are possibly more proficient than you are at the job. By hiring a freelancer, you are also saving more time to do other productive things. UpWork UpWork is a great website to find highly skilled, experienced, and educated freelancers. The best part is the price... You can hire a very experienced writer to write your content for a very affordable price. With that being said, have a budget set. Be aware of how muchShow MoreRelatedPersonal Experience Can Have Profound Impact On Quality And Style Of Writing1332 Words   |  6 Pages1. King tries to argue that personal experience can have profound impact on quality and style of writing. This manifested in several ways. One was when he was growing up with his mom as a single parent. Two was the death of King s mother and how he eventually would have to deal with his vices. 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King begins by comparing the functionality of a dream to a mirror â€Å"I’ve always used dreams the way you’d use a mirror to look at something you couldn’t see head on†. By using this idea of dreams being like mirrors, King is able to alleviate his writer s block by depicting his dreams directly onto paper. An example would be when King had already written seven to eight hundred pages of his novel which he could not seem to finishRead MoreLearning to Write Effectively657 Words   |  3 Pagesterm paper and why write one? Well, a term paper is usually meant to encourage someone to learn more about a particular subject and/or test things you have already learned. They are usually assigned at the start of a class and are due at the end. It is usually a major grade or the final grade. Learning to write a good term paper will help you throughout your life. When assigned a term paper, you should always start early. Do not wait until a week before it is due. Divide your time into threeRead MoreIntroduction. This Course Is Designed To Give A Better1255 Words   |  6 Pageshow I evaluate it all from a Christian perspective. One might stay away from research all together because of it’s complicated nature, but you can learn a lot of application from just an introduction to psychology research. Science and Psychology When first learning about things, it is imperative that you have a solid understanding of exactly what it is you are learning about. In the first chapter of our text, Dr. Crawford does a really great job of lying out and describing what science is and is

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Wesfarmers Limited A Financial Analysise Report - Click to Get Sampl

Question: Analyse the qualitative aspect of Wesfarmers Limited. Answer: Qualitative Aspect Company Introduction Wesfarmers is one of the largest conglomerates in the world operating in six business segments which include operating supermarkets, departmental stores, office supplies, home improvement, chemicals, resources, energy, fertilisers and industrial and safety products in Australia and New Zealand. Some of the most known brands of the company include Target, Coles, Bunning, and Kmart. The company employs nearly 210,000 people and has a shareholder base of approx 5000,000. (Wesfarmers, 2016) Most of the profit of the company comes from the retail business as the company focuses on offering a wide range of merchandise and creating value for the customers. The energy and chemicals business is also well earning. The earnings of the industrial businesses is low as compared to retail because the sales is driven by the commodity prices which are not under the companys control and the prices have been low in the recent times. Wesfarmers is known to be one of the highly profit making companies in Australia. Woolworths is one of the biggest competitors of Wesfarmers but according to a report Wesfarmers is a better performer and has a stronger growth story. (Kohut, 2016). Stock Price Movement The market value of the shares of Wesfarmers Limited is currently $41.17. (Yahoofinance, 2016). If we see the trend of stock movement for the last 1 year, we will see that the companys stock prices have been on a rise with fluctuations though. There is no major change in price and hence we can say Wesfarmers has a stable price movement. This is because the companys earnings have been strong and have grown year on year basis. The company focuses on operational excellence and is focuses on diversifying its business by acquiring businesses with sound financials and disposing off its business which are not profit making. Also the company reinvests billions and dollars of money for growth and acquisitions and also focuses on paying dividends to shareholders which has led to a positive sentiment for the share prices of the company and thus the share prices of the company has an increasing trend which is more or less stable. The share price movement can be shown with the help of a chart. (Finance. Yahoo, 2016) References Wesfarmers, (2015), Wesfarmers Annual Report, 2015 Delivering Value Today and Tomorrow Wesfarmers, (2014), Wesfarmers Annual Report, 2014 Delivering Today, Value Tomorrow wesfarmers, (2016), Wesfarmers Dividend Information, accessed online on 28th May, 2016, Wesfarmers, (2016), Wesfarmers About Us, accessed online on 28th May, 2016.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Searching For Controversial Research Paper Topics

In writing a research paper, the most basic thing is the topic. It works as the building block of an excellent research paper. It is rightly said that if the foundation of something is strong, then the building remains for a larger time and retains its value. Same is the case in writing a research paper. If the topic is chosen carefully and keenly, the research is effective and attracts the attention of the readers. The aptitude to build up a good research subject is an imperative ability. Sometimes, the professor assigns a specific topic to the student himself. On the other hand, most often the professors ask the students to choose their own subject of interest or a specific topic for writing a research. Elena at says: â€Å"Topic for the research paper writing has to be narrow as well as sufficiently focused to be attractive, yet wide enough to discover adequate knowledge and information.† Tips to handle your topic Brainstorm the thoughts which are around you Look out for the topics on which literature readings and study can be done Make sure that the title is convenient and manageable Formulate a list of keywords Try to be flexible and supple with your ideas Remain unbiased with your topic Develop a research question that why are have you selected the particular idea Read as much as you can, about your topic Research from different sources Conduct some interviews with the related personalities Do pay visits to the related places Consult the experts Give time for developing your topic Controversial and Diverse choice of Topics according to the Subjects Subject: ANTHROPOLOGY The subject of anthropology deals with the study of human cultures and the comparative study of customs, traditions, actions, ideas, institutions and experiences. Language and linguistics are also related to this field. Anthropology is a diverse field which can create a lot of topics for research purposes. Students in the field of Anthropology can merge the different topics to create a novel-fangled title and can do deep study in research paper writing. Some of the topics related to anthropology are jotted down below: The history of monarchy system and the implementation in today’s world Reasons of AIDS in America Treatment of HIV/AID in West America Sub-continent partition and the amalgamation of Cultures The trend of Chinese language and effect to English’s popularity Influence of Hollywood on other cultures Communication and Media Studies In this particular field of social sciences, theories of communication, ways to do effective communication, strengthening of speaking, listening and writing skills are focused. Also, the studies related to media technologies and the effect on the logical, regional and cultural aspects are done. Influence of media on our daily life and youth is also concerned in this field. The topics related to this field are: Hollywood’s influence on diverse cultures Communication gaps between parents and children Impact of social media on teenagers Impact of electronic games on childhood lifestyles Liberty to media and its aftermaths History of press media and its decline with the passage of time Relationship of USA with Iran and role of media Afghanistan’s civil war and role of media History It is related to the past of any area, any field, any theory, any movement, any revolution or any other thing. History is a vital part of something either culture, language, politics, science, etc. It helps the students to see that how the particular thing has evolved with time and how it affected the lifestyle of human beings and the living system in the particular area. The topics which can be considered for writing research paper under history are: French politics Russian history How USA was born? How Britain ruled and invaded many regions? How Turkish Empire was evolved? Impact of Hitler on various leaders The movement for Black Americans and its implementation The Mexican Drug war Cold war and its effect on the regional history Literature It is the study of the written material in form of prose, poetry, theories, observations as well as experimentation. It may include the learning of biographies, autobiographies, fiction, non-fiction, novels, short stories and history related texts. The genres may include: romance, adventure, history, religion, mystery, etc. The topics for the research writing under this subject may include: Comparison of writers of different eras Common themes presented in a specific time period The writing styles of English authors versus American authors The impact of poetry on our thoughts and lifestyles Impact of culture and brought up in the writing styles Other topics from different subjects and courses include: Trend of voters turnouts in 1900s versus 2000s Evolution of Democracy Effect of music on our emotions and our sentiments Depression: the mounting trend Trend of youth in politics The inclination in rate of abortion Drug addiction and its assorted consequences Gender inequality and the movements to promote Gender equality Why is USA still behind in Women Empowerment?

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Free Essays on Ultima

Antonio’s Religious Doubts The most important aspect in the second half of the novel Bless me Ultima is the gradual loss of faith in Antonio. He is at a very young age (3rd grade) but his friends and family look up to him as the priest of the household. It is apparent that Antonio has dreams of being a great priest which would bring honor to his family and make him a well-respected man. Unfortunately it is not as easy as Antonio would think because he is doubting the Catholic God because of the people who believe in the catholic God but who have so many troubles going on in their lives. He is secretly question why a powerful catholic God would constantly punish his own people. Antonio could not find an answer to why evil exists in the Catholic religion, instead he finds peace in a spiritual relationship with the land and nature. He owes this appreciation of the land and new life from the influences of his mother, his father, and Ultima. Antonio has finally attained almost a harmony regarding his different heritages. He is able to peacefully enjoy the beauty of his land without having to question immorality. Antonio's last dream addresses his crisis of religious faith. The three figures of people he tried to save state that Antonio prayed for them in his innocence. He tried to save Narcisco, Florence, and then Ultima. Ultima’s death really made Antonio question the faith is practicing. He feels as though now God is punishing him and for what, is not Antonio a priest? The dream hints at Antonio's understanding that people often disobey the rules of their own religions. His dream also foreshadows how Ultima will die. Seeing the failure of all three people he loved, Antonio asks God why he has forsaken him. Thus questioning his own religion.... Free Essays on Ultima Free Essays on Ultima Antonio’s Religious Doubts The most important aspect in the second half of the novel Bless me Ultima is the gradual loss of faith in Antonio. He is at a very young age (3rd grade) but his friends and family look up to him as the priest of the household. It is apparent that Antonio has dreams of being a great priest which would bring honor to his family and make him a well-respected man. Unfortunately it is not as easy as Antonio would think because he is doubting the Catholic God because of the people who believe in the catholic God but who have so many troubles going on in their lives. He is secretly question why a powerful catholic God would constantly punish his own people. Antonio could not find an answer to why evil exists in the Catholic religion, instead he finds peace in a spiritual relationship with the land and nature. He owes this appreciation of the land and new life from the influences of his mother, his father, and Ultima. Antonio has finally attained almost a harmony regarding his different heritages. He is able to peacefully enjoy the beauty of his land without having to question immorality. Antonio's last dream addresses his crisis of religious faith. The three figures of people he tried to save state that Antonio prayed for them in his innocence. He tried to save Narcisco, Florence, and then Ultima. Ultima’s death really made Antonio question the faith is practicing. He feels as though now God is punishing him and for what, is not Antonio a priest? The dream hints at Antonio's understanding that people often disobey the rules of their own religions. His dream also foreshadows how Ultima will die. Seeing the failure of all three people he loved, Antonio asks God why he has forsaken him. Thus questioning his own religion....

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Hinduism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1

Hinduism - Essay Example This can be seen by their varying ideas and explanations of the world, as well as the distinct differences in their beliefs and religion systems. Hinduism is a complex, ancient religion. It is unique because it has no known founder, as with the other religions. Hinduism cannon was put together over the years and mixed with other traditions and lore, until it finally was written down in the Vedas. It is the world's oldest religion, and also the worlds third largest, falling in place behind Christianity and Islam (Hin). Often, Hinduism is confused and labeled as a polytheistic religion, when it is not as simple as that. The writings teach that there is one main deity, Brahman, who can from time to time appear to humans in many different forms and shapes. The Brahman is the supreme deity in the Hinduism religion, however it offers an interesting shape and role to the kind of divine and divinity most religions offer. The God of Hinduism is referred to as Brahman when it is referred to as the all encompassing supreme power of the world. It is one and part of the world, and is part of everything and everyone within its creation. "Brahman is often described succinctly as sacchidananda, meaning 'Truth-Consciousness-Bliss', not only possessing the qualities but also being their very essence."( Hin) showing that inside the religion of Hinduism, the Brahman is everything and anything, and is the supreme force and energy of the world. There are many different interpretations and understandings of Brahman. One such belief states that "ultimately Brahman (the impersonal God) is beyond mere intellectual description and can be understood only through direct spiritual experience, where the 'knower' and the 'known' are subsumed into the act of 'knowing'. The goal is to "wake up" and realize that one's atman, or soul, is really identical to Brahman, the uber-soul(Hin). This helps explain the idea that the Brahman unites all people, and is part of everything and the entirety of the world around us. Several different areas of thought have ideas that contradict this school of thought, and may believe that the Brahman actually has being and personality, and may associate the Brahman with one of the lesser gods of the religion, such as Vishnu, Shiva, or Shakti. All of these different interpretations of the Hindu understanding all come from its ancient history, different readings of the sacred texts, as well as different and modern interpretations of faith. There is also another understanding of the Hindu divine, this being the idea of Isharva, of a more personal idea and personality of the God figure. This is the idea of God as a supreme being, and not an overwhelming force and eternal power such as tied into the Brahman ideology. Some sects of Hinduism do not believe in this idea at all, and some of them believe in it in different forms and facets of belief. Also included in the Hindu belief system is the idea of devas, or demi-gods. It is not uncommon for a Hindu worshipper to pick one of these gods as their personal god, and this god may be passed down as part of family life, traditions, or culture. These personal demi-gods are very unique to the Hinduism religion, and a integral part of their culture, artwork, and history (Hin). Hindus also have varying thoughts and beliefs on the connection between the human and divine. The Atman is the Hindu word for "soul" or "self", and is associated with Hindu